Bills protecting girls sports fly through committees, pass House and Senate

Supporters push back on "anti-trans" moniker; Sen. Sawyer: "this bill is "pro-woman."

Riley Gaines speaks at the North Carolina General Assembly on Wednesday, April 19. A.P. Dillon/North State Journal

RALEIGH — After speeding through several committees, the North Carolina House passed House Bill 574, the Fairness in Women’s Sports Act on April 19. The bill now heads to the Senate for consideration.

Athletic teams designated for women may not have members of the male sex and vice versa, according to the bill. The only exception is the case where there is no comparable sports team for females available and the sport in question is not a contact sport.  Additionally, a severability clause was added and the adopted preferred committee substitute adds the same restrictions to collegiate-level sports.


House Bill 574 passed by a vote of 73-39 and had bipartisan support from Reps. Garland Pierce (D-Scotland), Michael Wray (D-Northampton), and Shelly Willingham (D-Edgecombe) voted in favor. Additionally, Rep. Nasif Majeed (D-Mecklenburg) did not vote on the bill.

Rep. Tricia Cotham (R-Mecklenburg), who recently left the Democratic party, voted in favor of passage. She had also voted in favor of the bills in two committee meetings prior to the floor vote.

As of this spring, around 21 states have either enacted or filed similar legislation.

House Bill 574’s journey started at 8:30 a.m. in the House Judiciary 1 Committee, was the topic of a noon press conference, and was then approved by the Rules and Operations Committee of the House before being passed by the House just before 5 p.m.

The same day House Bill 574 flew through committees to a passage vote, the Senate also advanced its companion bill of the same name; Senate Bill 631. The primary sponsors for the bill include Sens. Vicki Sawyer (R-Iredell), Kevin Corbin (R-Macon), and Joyce Krawiec (R-Forsyth).

On April 20, the Senate passed the bill by a party-line vote of 29-18.

During the debate in a Senate Education/Higher Education Committee meeting on April 18, things got a bit heated as Democrats repeatedly labeled the bill as “anti-trans.” In response, Sawyer shot back, stating firmly that “This bill is not about being anti-trans, this bill is about being pro-woman.”

Primary sponsors of House Bill 574, Rep. Jennifer Balkcom (R-Henderson), Kristin Baker (R-Cabarrus), and Rep. Erin Pare (R-Wake), entered the House’s Judiciary 1 Committee hearing with a special guest:  Riley Gaines, a 12 time All-American swimmer out of the University of Kentucky with 5 SEC titles and a two-time Olympic trial qualifier as well as being the SEC record holder in the 200 Butterfly, which makes her one of the fastest Americans of all time.

In recent months, Gaines has been a fixture in the headlines after a transgender swimmer named Lia Thomas was awarded the trophy at the March 2022 NCAA championship even though Thomas and Gaines had tied. Officials had told Gaines she had to go empty-handed” because Thomas would get the trophy for “pictures.”

Gaines pushed back against being forced to compete against a biological male and began advocating to save women’s sports.

“I felt betrayed and belittled and like my efforts and sacrifices I had made had been reduced to a photo op to validate the identity and feelings of a male,” Gaines said in her testimony.

“But that is not all, in addition to being forced to give up out awards and titles and our opportunities, the NCAA forced female swimmers to share a locker room with Thomas – a six foot four 22-year-old male equipped with an exposing male genitalia – and a room full of vulnerable undressed women,” Gaines said. “Let me be clear: we were not forewarned about this arrangement, no one asks for our consent, and we did not give our consent.”

Lia Thomas used to compete in male swimming competitions at the University of Pennsylvania as Will When competing in men’s divisions, Thomas was nowhere near the top spot he now ranks in women’s competition; ranking 554th in the 200 freestyle and 65th in the 500 freestyle during the 2018-19 season.

Gaines was not the only athlete to testify.  Joining her in the rounds of testimony given to various committees were former UNC Women’s Basketball Coach and Hall of Famer Sylvia Hatchell; former ACC referee and supervisor of referees, Judy Stroud; Idaho legislator Barbara Ehardt shared her expertise as the founder of the Save Women’s Sports movement.

Payton McNabb, a High School volleyball player injured by a transgender athlete, speaks at a committee meeting at the North Carolina General Assembly. A.P. Dillon/North State Journal

Another athlete bringing her story to the General Assembly was Payton McNabb, a now-former volleyball player who gave testimony of how she was injured during a match between her school, Hiwassee Dam High School, and Highlands High School, a team with a transgender athlete on it. She described how she was knocked unconscious and sustained a concussion after the transgender player spiked a ball directly into her head.

As a result of the incident, Cherokee County’s School Board voted to forfeit all future games against Highland or any team with a transgender athlete on it. The board cited concerns for the safety of the female athletes, but it also meant McNabb’s team wouldn’t be able to compete at state conferences due to the forfeitures.

McNabb also told the Judiciary 1 Committee members that she had to quit the rest of the season and is still enduring pain, and other neurological injuries and that she was now also having learning issues.

“I understand there was one report at a volleyball game where it’s unclear if the athlete was a trans athlete and if that was the reason, injuries happen,” Sen. Natasha Marcus (D-Mecklenburg) said of McNabb’s injury during the April 18 Senate Education/Higher Education Committee meeting. “I will point out injuries happen in sports all the time we don’t need legislation to try to protect everyone and in every case.”

During the House Judiciary 1 Committee meeting, Rep. Pricey Harrison (D-Guildford) made remarks similar to that of Marcus concerning McNabb’s injury but also called the bill a “solution looking for a problem” while citing a statistic that only one out of a dozen or so transgenders who have applied to play sports in the state was actively playing.

Democrats in all committees where the bills were heard repeated the same talking points as well as claiming the bills would run afoul of expanded Title IX changes being proposed by the Biden Administration that would essentially penalize any state or school not allowing biological males who identify as females to play on the team of their choice by withholding federal funding.

LGBT activists also claimed the bill was violating Title IX and cited the U.S. Supreme Court’s Bostock v. Clayton decision. Balkcom corrected those claims, noting the Bostock decision was limited to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Justice Neil Gorsuch, who penned the majority opinion, wrote that “An employer who fires an individual for being homosexual or transgender fires that person for traits or actions it would not have questioned in members of a different sex. Sex plays a necessary and undisguisable role in the decision, exactly what Title VII forbids.”

In other words, the decision is rooted in discrimination on the basis of biological or the sex “assigned at birth,” and not the sex one claims to identify as.

Testimony on the bill was also heard in the Rules and Operations of the House Committee. Gaines and McNabb also testified at that meeting, along with Evie Edwards, a cyclist who has competed on an international level.

“I am a liberal woman. I am a wife, mother, and a registered Democrat,” Edwards told the Rules and Operations of the House members.  “Most of the people I associate with are open-minded. But we tend to agree, from a practical standpoint, that the inclusion of male bodies in female sport is unfair.”

“Policies that force this ideology on girls and women are wrong and need urgent discussion.,” said Edwards. “This should not be a partisan issue. I’m encouraged by the support of Republicans and baffled and disappointed by the lack of support from my Democratic Party.”

Edwards had also testified two years ago when the Save Women’s Sports Act had been introduced.

Later in her testimony, Edwards underscored that this was about fairness in women’s competition, citing the biological advantages of males over females and stating that despite how a transgender may identify, “Bodies compete, identities don’t.”

In an interview with North State Journal, Edwards also brought up the fact women’s sports are in danger, but men’s sports aren’t, noting that female athletes and their families are kept in the dark if a male claiming to be transgender is playing on a team or changing in the women’s locker rooms.  She also referenced the North Carolina High School Athletic Association’s “gender identity policy” that allows transgenders to participate in sports teams with no requirements other than “self-identification” for trans-identified males and with no requirement documenting a medical transition or use of puberty blockers.

Opponents of the bill also gave remarks to the various committees, including representatives from national LGBTQ advocacy groups like The Human Rights Campaign and state-level groups like Equality NC.

Around half a dozen individuals gave testimony in opposition to the bill. They told lawmakers to vote down the bill saying that was “bigotry,” and “discrimination,” against transgender athletes. LGBTQ activists also said the bill could turn into “another HB2,” the bill that upended a Charlotte ordinance allowing men into women’s bathrooms and locker rooms in both public facilities and private businesses.

Supporters of the bill outnumbered the opposition throughout the day, which included a large entourage with the conservative Charlotte-based NC Values Coalition led by Executive Director Tami Fitzgerald.

A Save Women’s Sports sign is shown at the North Carolina General Assembly. A.P. Dillon/North State Journal

“NC Values has been working for three years to advance a bill to guarantee a level playing field for girls in sports.  Allowing biological males who identify as women to compete against girls in sports puts an end to women’s sports, takes away girls’ opportunities, and jeopardizes their safety,” Fitzgerald said in a statement. “Today, Committees in both the House and Senate and the House as a whole, voted to allow females a level playing field in sports, upholding their rights under Title IX, which affords them fairness in sports.”

Fitzgerald’s organization also circulated results of a statewide poll showing just over 71 percent of North Carolinians do not believe biological males should be allowed to play on female sports teams.

The poll was conducted in January 2023 for the NC Faith and Freedom Coalition and the NC Values Coalition by the Raleigh political consulting firm, The Differentiators.

About A.P. Dillon 1345 Articles
A.P. Dillon is a North State Journal reporter located near Raleigh, North Carolina. Find her on Twitter: @APDillon_