WILLIAMS: Racial deception

During slavery, many black women, often in a forcible union with a white man, bore mixed-race children. Based on their percentage of white blood, they were deemed “mulattos,” “quadroons,” “octoroons” or even “hexadecaroons.” Depending on […]


FIELDS: So, what do we do next?

Racism and the notion of white supremacy are congenital illnesses born into the flawed fabric of America’s founding. Underscored by poverty, oppression, discrimination, and systemic racism, they have infected the nation with a terminal disease. […]